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brochure: How to Identify Giant Hogweed

Invasive Species Awareness

July 2018

This is our 2nd annual exhibit to support New York's statewide educational campaign to help stop the spread of invasive species. Invasive Species Awareness Week (ISAW) is July 8-14, 2018 but you can check out our informational and book exhibit during the entire month of July.


left display case, with information about the gypsy moth and spotted lanternfly.

The Gypsy Moth is a destructive non-native species. In its larva stage, it eats the leaves from many types of trees including oak, willow, birch, and pine. It was introduced to the U.S. in 1869 by Professor Trouvelot who tried to cross breed it with silkworms. He was unsuccessful, and a few gypsy moths escaped during the process.

Be on the lookout for the spotted lanternfly (SLF)! There aren't any infestations in New York, but they aren't far away. They were first found in Pennsylvania in 2014 and have been found in New Jersey, Delaware, and Virginia. They are destructive to plants and annoying for people because they secrete large amounts of "honeydew," a sticky mess that attracts other insects. Learn how you can help keep the SLF out of New York with resources from the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation.


center display case, which information about how to identify and stop the spread of some invasive species

Goats are helping to stop the spread with their huge appetites. According to DEC Releases Goats to Fight Invasive Species at Underhill Preserve, "Goats are a natural way to remove invasive species and are highly effective because they devour not only the tops of plants but also their root systems, lessening the chance for plants to regenerate. Goats typically eat three to five pounds of vegetation per day.


right display case, with more books and documents about invasive species

What can you do to help stop the spread?

  • Find an event near you during ISAW to learn more about invasive species.
  • Find resources about invasive species at your local library.
  • Visit the Department of Environmental Conservation's website: Nuisance and Invasive Species
  • Report invasive species infestations using New York iMapInvasives



Selected Bibliography

  • Bardgett. The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach. Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • Barrett, Thomas. Harnessing the Earthworm. Bruce Humphreys, Inc., 1947
    Bernard, Michael, Matthew Neatrour, and Timothy McCay. "Influence of Soil Buffering Capacity on Earthworm Growth, Survival, and Community Composition in the Western Adirondacks and Central New York" Northeastern Naturalist. vol. 16, no. 2, 2009, pp. 269-284.
  • Beware Giant Hogweed! New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 2014.
  • Castello, John and Stephen Teale. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  • Clugston, James P. and Jerome Shireman. "Triploid Grass Carp for Aquatic Plant Control." United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1987
  • Cross, Diana and Karen Fleming. "13.4.12. Control of Phragmites or Common Read." Waterfowl Management Handbook. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1989.
  • "DEC Confirms First Infestation of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in Adirondacks." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 25 July 2017. Accessed 26 June 2018.
  • "DEC Releases Goats to Fight Invasive Species at Underhill Preserve" New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 26 August 2016.
  • "Extraterrestrial life." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 28 Apr. 2017. Accessed 25 Jun. 2018.
  • "How the Gypsy Moth Got Loose." New-York Daily Tribune. 27 April 1895. Page 3. New York's Historical Newspapers. Accessed 14 May 2018
  • How to Identify, Prevent, and Control Oak Wilt. United States Department of Agriculture, 2017.
  • Huston, Michael. Biological Diversity. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Jumping Worm Field Guide. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, 2015.
  • Marsden, J.E., M. Hauser. "Exotic Species in Lake Champlain." Journal of Great Lakes Research. vol. 35, no. 2, 2009, pp. 250-265.
  • McGlynn, Catherine. "Floating in Plain Sight: Invasive Aquatic Garden Plants." The Conservationist. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 2017.
  • Munawar, M. State of Lake Ontario: Past, Present and Future. Ecovision World Monograph Series, 2003.
  • Oliver, George Sheffield. Friend Earthworm. Oliver's Earthworm Farm School, 1941.
  • Pielou, E.C. The World of Northern Evergreens. 2nd Edition. Cornell University, 2011.
  • Parsons, Tom. How to Make Earthworms Pay. Abelard-Schuman, 1958
  • Prows, B.L. and W.F. McIlhenny. Research and Development of the Selective Algaecide to Control Nuisance Algal Growth. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1974.
  • Rawlins, K.A., R.L. Winston, C.T. Bargeron, D.J. Moorhead, and R. Carroll. New Invaders of the Northeast and Northcentral United States. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Assessment and Applied Sciences Team, Morgantown, West Virginia, 2018.
  • Shigesada, Nanako and Kohkichi Kawasaki. Biological Invasions: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • "Spotted lanternfly is the latest pest to worry about." Times Union. Albany, N.Y. 13 May 2018. Page D3.
  • Tepolt, Carolyn, Michael Blum, Victoria Lee, and Erik Hanson. "Genetic Analysis of the Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinesis) Introduced to the North American Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway." Journal of Great Lakes Research. vol. 33, no. 3, 2007, pp. 658-667.
  • Welch, E.B. and J.M. Jacoby. Pollutant Effects in Freshwater. Spon Press, 2004.

Exhibit curated by Amy Peker

Last Updated: January 12, 2022